Home > Gemstones Blog > The Basics of Fashioning and Cutting Gemstone Jewelry

Gemstone JewelryFor millions of years, gemstones have been polished and cut to make stunning and valuable gemstone jewelry. Although some gemstones are worth being left in their natural state, the appearance of others can be enhanced. However, the fashioning and cutting process for gemstone jewelry depends on the physical and optical properties of the gem and what the stone looks like in its rough and natural state.

Non-Faceted Versus Faceted Gems

When a gem is patterned, opaque, or colored transparently, it will typically be turned into beads or cut into a cabochon. A cabochon has a flat, unpolished back with a domed, polished top with an oval-like shape. This type of cut is one of the oldest gem-cutting practices and can be used to show off the unique characteristics of a gem, such as incandescence, sheen, or the presence of “cat eyes.”

In comparison, most transparent gems are faceted. This means that they are cut in such a way that they have a number of different surfaces. Faceting a gem is a mathematical process that aims to include the maximum number of facets possible, so as much light as possible can be reflected back to the viewer.

Regardless of whether a gemstone is faceted or non-faceted, a well-cut gem will be cut in a way that shows off its color, brilliance, fire, and sparkle to the best degree possible. At Mosteller American Gemstones, although we specialize in selling rough gemstones, we can also cut natural stones to fit your gemstone jewelry pieces.